Taken from Trans Facts
REALITY Thankfully, transgender people are no more likely to be murdered than anyone else in the UK. Sources: ONS and Trans Murder Monitoring Project. Since 2008, 7 transwomen have been murdered and 12 transwomen have been convicted of murder. There were no recorded murders of transmen in that time.
REALITY There is no such thing as a male brain or female brain, especially at birth, when all but the most basic parts of the brain are undeveloped. Our brains are plastic and shaped by our experience.
MYTH Sex is assigned at birth.
REALITY Biological sex is observed and recorded at birth. Sex is determined at conception, when an egg from a woman (which always carries an X chromosome) is fertilised by a sperm from a man, carrying either a Y or an X chromosome. In fewer than 1 in 1,000 births there is a chromosomal abnormality that means sex cannot be determined straight away. For those other than a subgroup of intersex people, XX is female and XY is male. Sources: The Lancet and the Intersex Society of North America.
MYTH Legal sex change is difficult and invasive in the UK.
REALITY The UK Gender Recognition Act (2004) is one of the most liberal in the world, requiring neither surgery nor drugs for legal sex change. About a third of the countries in the world allow legal sex change and of those the vast majority require transgender people to have surgery, including many European countries and US states. Sources: GOV.UK and Transgender Law Center.
MYTH Transwomen have no advantage over biological women in competitive sport.
REALITY Being male and going through male puberty gives a permanent sporting advantage through increased body size, muscle mass, heart and lung capacity and more. This is not reversed by taking hormones.